Often neglected in favor of the more widely circulated renaissance art of Italy or France, German art has played an important role in the development of European art since the first European civilizations developed out of tribal groups in the region thousands of years ago. A common misconception is that English, and many other western languages similar to it, are romance languages with roots in Latin. However, English is actually a Germanic language, and thus, owes much of its cultural history, including art like Celtic and Scandinavian art, to German influence. Fast-forward to the 20th century, and Germany has become one of the cultural capitals of Europe and the rest of the world, providing the stylistic compass to many of the modern and contemporary art movements that we know today. For a look at how many of the modern art movements came to be, we highly recommend 20th century German art from this diverse set of artists.